The principal features of Turkish baths in Budapest are steam baths, male masseurs and medicinal baths. Most of the Turkish baths are located on the Buda side of the Danube, where thermal water springs from the karst hills. Most of the Turkish baths in Budapest are mixed, but some are restricted to women or men on most days of the week, but mixed at weekends. Some of the Turkish baths have been restored and expanded into a bathing complexes with modern facilities and pools. A Budapest Turkish bath typically has a core main bath with a characteristic octagonal pool under a big cupola with little holes to let in the sunlight.
Top Turkish baths to visit in Budapest
This Turkish bath, located at the back of a neoclassical building, is popularly known as Császár Baths. It has a rich history and it is popularly known for its healing water which dates back to Roman times. The bath was called Veli Bej when it was constructed in the sixteenth century by order of the Pasha of Buda, Sokollu Mustafa. It is one of the most enchanting baths of its time. The bath was then renamed to Császár Baths after the Turkish era and were given to the Order of Hospitallers, who used it for healing the sick.
The building has gone through much alteration and extension and now houses a hospital and hotel, and the Komjádi Sports Swimming Pool has also been built alongside it.
These Turkish baths were constructed during the 1560s by Sokollu Mustafa, the Pasha of Buda. That was the time when the Ottoman Turks controlled much of Hungary and built many steam baths. Rudas is among the oldest and the most magnificent baths in the city and still retains the principal elements of a Turkish bath. The architectural highlight of the baths is the dome and the octagonal pool underneath. Many additions have been made to the core of the building through the years. For a long time, the baths followed the Turkish traditions and admitted men only. They are now open to both sexes at weekends, and there is a women-only day during the week.
These baths were built at the beginning of the Ottoman era in Hungary, in 1565. The hammam or bathhouse was a characteristic feature of Ottoman culture, a place of ritual cleansing and social gathering. Király Baths were bought by the König family in the eighteenth century. They still retain one of the key elements of a Turkish bath, and its octagonal dome is visible from outside. The baths do not have a thermal water spring on the same site, but are supplied from Lukács Baths.
Rácz Baths and Thermal Hotel
The Rácz Baths lie between Gellért Hill and the Tabán area. Its domed pool was originally built by the Ottoman Turks in the sixteenth century. Several pools were built later, in the era of the Habsburg Empire. In the nineteenth century, the baths were renovated and expanded to plans by the eminent Hungarian architect Miklos Ybl. Today, the Rácz Baths boast a combination of a historic Ottoman octagonal domed bath, nineteenth-century Romantic style pools, a shower hall, and a wide range of wellness and beauty