Military Museum Budapest
Military Museum Budapest

The history of the Military Museum Budapest

The Budapest Military History Museum is a renowned institution dedicated to preserving and showcasing Hungary’s military heritage through extensive exhibits and educational programs.


The Military History Museum has relocated to Székesfehérvár. However, the Military Historical Archives and the Military History Library remain accessible to researchers. However, in this article we will refer to it as a Budapest institution, as that is the name by which the museum is best known to the general public.

The great collection of the Military Museum Budapest

The museum’s collection includes over fifty thousand items. Among these are military uniforms and a collection of 28,000 coins and medals. As a result, tourists visiting the original location can only admire the magnificent building from the outside. To the left of the entrance, visitors can see cannonballs that were fired by the Hungarian army during the siege of the fortress in the spring of 1849.

Historical context of the Army Museum Budapest

The Hungarian Military History Museum, originally located in Budapest’s historic Castle District, has been a key institution dedicated to preserving and showcasing Hungary’s military heritage since its establishment in 1918. However, recent developments have led to its relocation to Székesfehérvár, a city with its own rich historical significance.

The decision to relocate

The decision to move the museum from Budapest to Székesfehérvár was driven by several factors, including the need for expanded exhibition space, modern facilities, and the opportunity to revitalise a new location with historical ties to Hungary’s military past. Székesfehérvár, once the capital of Hungary and a historically important city, was considered an ideal location to house the museum’s extensive collection.

Székesfehérvár: a city with historical significance

Székesfehérvár, located in central Hungary, has a deep historical connection to the Hungarian monarchy and military. It was the coronation and burial site of Hungarian kings, making it a city steeped in historical and cultural importance. This backdrop provides a fitting context for the Military History Museum, enriching the visitor experience with a sense of historical continuity.

The new museum facilities

The new facilities in Székesfehérvár are designed to meet contemporary museum standards, offering larger and more versatile spaces for exhibitions. The relocation allows for:

  • Expanded Exhibitions: the increased space enables the museum to display more of its extensive collection, including items that were previously kept in storage due to space limitations in Budapest.
  • Modern Amenities: the new location is equipped with state-of-the-art amenities, including climate control, security systems, and multimedia capabilities, ensuring the preservation of artefacts and enhancing the visitor experience.
  • Interactive Displays: The relocation has facilitated the introduction of interactive exhibits and multimedia presentations, making the history more engaging and accessible to visitors of all ages.

Key exhibits of the former Military Museum Budapest

The museum continues to showcase its diverse collection, spanning several centuries of Hungarian military history:

  • Medieval Armour and Weapons: detailed displays of Hungary’s medieval military equipment, reflecting the nation’s early conflicts and defences.
  • 18th and 19th Century Conflicts: artefacts from significant historical periods, including the Rákóczi’s War of Independence and the 1848-49 Revolution.
  • World Wars: extensive exhibits on Hungary’s involvement in both World War I and World War II, featuring uniforms, weapons, and personal items.
  • Cold War Era: displays focusing on the Hungarian People’s Army, the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, and Hungary’s role in the Warsaw Pact.

Educational and cultural impact of the Museum of Military History Budapest (now Székesvehérvár)

The relocation to Székesfehérvár enhances the museum’s role as an educational and cultural institution. It continues to offer:

  • Educational Programs: workshops, lectures, and guided tours that provide in-depth knowledge of Hungary’s military history.
  • Temporary Exhibitions: regularly changing exhibits that highlight different aspects of military history, ensuring there is always something new to explore.
  • Community Engagement: the museum actively engages with the local community through events and collaborations, fostering a deeper appreciation of Hungary’s military heritage.

Future prospects of the former War History Museum Budapest

The relocation of the Hungarian Military History Museum to Székesfehérvár represents a new chapter in its history. The expanded facilities and modernisation efforts position the museum to better preserve and present Hungary’s military past. It aims to attract a broader audience, including international visitors, scholars, and history enthusiasts, further solidifying its status as a premier cultural institution.

Is Budapest Museum free?
No, the Budapest Military History Museum is not free; admission fees are required to enter.
What happened to Budapest in WWII?
During World War II, Budapest suffered significant damage from bombings and a brutal siege by Soviet forces, resulting in widespread destruction and a substantial loss of life.
How many museums are there in Budapest?
Budapest is home to over 100 museums, offering a diverse range of cultural, historical, and artistic exhibitions.
What is in the Hungarian National Museum?
The Hungarian National Museum houses a comprehensive collection of Hungary’s historical artefacts, including archaeological finds, medieval and Renaissance art, historical documents, and exhibits on the country’s cultural and political history.
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