On the Pest side, the building of the Budapest Parliament considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it can be recognized by many even if you have not visited the country earlier. The huge house on Kossuth Lajos Square – the largest facility in the country – which was designed by Imre Steindl in the neo-Gothic style. Nevertheless, few people know that the Hungarian Parliament building is also the second-highest congressional house in Europe. Here you can see the Hungarian coronation jewels: the Hungarian Royal Law, the National Court, and the popular Holy Crown. In addition, many valuable works of art can be realized, such as Mihály Munkácsy’s painting The Conquest („Honfoglalás”) or Miksa Róth’s multicolored glass windows.
Budapest Parliament Building – The House of the Country
The Hungarian Parliament building – which in Hungarian is known the Parliament – is classified as one of the most beautiful parliaments all over the world. As one of the most famous elements of the Danube panorama, the building was selected as a World Heritage Site in 2011 is a precious museum value, the pride and joy of the Hungarian nation. The Parliament is home to the chamber, with approximately 199 members of parliament and the workplaces of nearly 600 people assisting them.
The strength and self-confidence of the Hungarians is the Budapest Parliament House, which built for 17 years
Today, the imposing Budapest Parliament has become a symbol of Hungary and the capital. The time of development was one of the most dynamically thriving periods in the country’s economy. It was built then that Heroes’ Square, Andrássy Avenue, the Western Railway Station, several Danube bridges. Furthermore, was supplied the continent’s first underground railway too. In addition, the planning of the Parliament had an impact on the improvement of the Hungarian economy. Not to mention that during construction, the most expensive raw materials (22-23 carat gold, 40 kg) were used to decorate the house.
Meaningful historical and political symbols!
The design of the Parliament building is the result of conscious image choices and important historical and political messages. Can be viewed from the Danube, on both sides of the dome, surrounded by towers, rises the meeting room of the Lower House and the Upper House, which recalls the memory of a bicameral parliament at the time of construction. The two meeting rooms are completely identical in size and design, suggesting to the equality of the House of Representatives and the historic Upper House. Between them moves up the dome, which represents the unity of the legislature and was the venue for the meetings of the two houses.
Hungarian Parliament in size and numbers
The colossal building with its dome tower 96 meters high approaches to the sky. It is also interesting to note that elements and motifs of different architectural styles can be observed in the house: its floor plan is baroque, the decoration of the façade evokes the world of Gothic, while the decoration of the ceiling takes Renaissance design features. The building has a floor area of almost 18,000 square meters and is divided into four levels. Its volume is 473,000 cubic meters, which would accommodate 50 five-storey residential houses. About 40 million bricks were used to build it, and 30,000 cubic meters of carved ornamental stone was used to cover it. The facade is decorated with 90 stone sculptures, which show the great figures of Hungarian history, there are another 162 sculptures in the House. It is possible to enter the Parliament through 27 gates. In addition, the rooms are connected by a seemingly endless corridor system. The red carpet running in the House is nearly 3 miles long.
The incredible Hungarian Holy Crown
The Holy Crown of Hungary (Szent Korona), also known as the Crown of Saint Stephen, was the accession chaplet worn by the Kingdom of Hungary for most of its existence; kings have been crowned with it since the twelfth century. The unique tiara of royalty was bound to the Lands of the Hungarian Crown (sometimes the Sacra Corona indicates the Land, the Carpathian Valley, but it also meant the coronation body, too). No king of Hungary was regarded as having been truly legitimate without being crowned with it. In ancient times of Hungary, more than fifty kings were coronated with it, up to the last, Charles IV, in 1916. The only kings who were not so crowned were Wladyslaw I, John Zápolya, John Sigismund Zápolya and Joseph II.
Since 2000, the Holy Crown has been realized in the central Dome Hall of the Hungarian Parliament Building. Only in Europe, most of the middle ages ensemble of coronation finery has survived. On 1.January 2000, the Holy Crown of Hungary was relocated to the Hungarian Parliament Building from the Hungarian National Museum. The scepter, orb and the coronation sword were also moved to the Parliament.
- The Crown’s shape is elliptic and is longer than a (healthy) human head. During coronations, the king had to wear a leather ‘kapa’ liner, made to fit, in the middle of the crown.
- The weight of the Crown is 2056 g.
- The gold-silver combines in the upper and the lower sides of the Crown contrast in alloy ratio.
- The lower part of the Crown is unbalanced.
Walk along with The Dome Hall
The House of Parliament and the symbolic center of Hungary is the Dome Hall. This is where the Hungarian Holy Crown and the Coronation Insignia, among the oldest coronation regalia in Europe, have been kept since 1 January 2000 and where they are protected 24 hours a day by the Crown Guard of the Hungarian Armed Forces. Next to this, the Dome Hall is almost 27 meters long.
The unique Grand Stairway
The 96 stairs that influence the space covered with red carpeting leads from the main entrance to the Dome Hall. Two large frescoes and one small one made by master painter Károly Lotz adorn the ceiling of the main stairway.
However, the jewel in the crown is a collection of eight, four-tonne granite columns, of a type of which only 12 can be found in the entire world. The decorative colorful glass windows that frame the space on both sides represent outstanding works of art from the workshop of Miksa Róth.
Discover the Museum of the Hungarian Parliament and enjoy the exhibitions!
The Museum of the Hungarian Parliament was authorized in 2014 with the aspiration of collecting, preserving and exhibiting the mementos of Hungarian congress. In the course of its activities, the museum pursues to carry on in the footsteps of its predecessor institution, dissolved in 1949, drawing on its forward-looking ideas, popular initiatives and achievements, while also meeting the challenges of the 21st century. Furthermore, the four permanent exhibitions covering a total area of 1,700 square meters connect traditional and multimedia technology. The museum’s main target audience is young people. In addition to this, you can also give information on the chronicle of the massacre on Kossuth Square on 25 October 1956 and the other the art history of the Parliament building.
It is easy to getting there
The Parliament is approachable with the Metro line 2 and tram line 2, from the Kossuth Lajos Square station. At the east front of the Budapest Parliament, you can see a memorial to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, as well as the imposing Kossuth Memorial and the horseman figure of Francis II Rákóczi. A seated statue of Attila József as described in his poem „By the Danube” can be also realized.
Budapest Parliament s Visitor center
The Visitor Centre is a very collective venue, where visitors can listen to an educational experience while they wait in comfort surrounded by quality services. Not to mention that seven hundred thousand visitors have seen the Parliament house once a year. The building is open almost 365 days of the year for visits managed by trained guides who communicate various languages. After buying tickets, groups start out from the Visitor Centre to have a trip of generally 50 minutes along with the most gorgeous rooms in the building.
The Parliament house appearances on additionally 50 post stickers were published by Hungary Post